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Test ID HIVQN HIV-1 RNA Detection and Quantification, Plasma

Shipping Instructions

Ship specimen frozen on dry ice. If shipment will be delayed for more than 24 hours, freeze plasma specimen at -20 to -80° C until shipment on dry ice.

Specimen Required

Supplies: Sarstedt Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T914)

Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1.5 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Centrifuge blood collection tube and aliquot plasma into plastic vial per collection tube manufacturer's instructions (eg, centrifuge and aliquot within 2 hours of collection for BD Vacutainer tubes).

2. Freeze aliquoted plasma for shipment.

Useful For

Diagnosis of HIV-1 infection in individuals with acute or early HIV-1 infection


Diagnosis of HIV-1 infection in infants under 2 years of age born to mothers living with HIV-1


Quantifying plasma HIV-1 RNA levels (viral load) in individuals living with HIV-1:

-Before initiating anti-HIV-1 drug therapy (baseline viral load)

-Who may have developed HIV-1 drug resistance while on anti-HIV-1 therapy

-Who may be noncompliant with anti-HIV-1 drug therapy


Monitoring HIV-1 disease progression before or during antiretroviral drug therapy

Method Name

Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)

Reporting Name

HIV-1 RNA Detect/Quant, P

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.8 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Frozen (preferred) 84 days
  Refrigerated  6 days

Reference Values


Day(s) Performed

Monday through Saturday

Report Available

1 to 3 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test has been modified from the manufacturer's instructions. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
HIVQN HIV-1 RNA Detect/Quant, P 70241-5


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
113581 HIV-1 RNA Detect/Quant, P 70241-5


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-Microbiology Test Request (T732)

-General Request (T239)